Dastur: Heidegger and Ethics

For Heidegger, “ontology” thus understood is always “practical,” always “engaged,” and thus bears an intrinsically ethical dimension. This is doubtless the reason Heidegger has not written on ethics: because he surely does not need “to add” it on to an ontology that would then itself be conceived only as a part of philosophy. Here it is implicit that he thinks Being in a way that is different from the tradition­ which identifies Being with substance. Heidegger, like Levinas, is critical of the Western tradition. His thought unfolds “beyond” or at the “end” of philosophy, as he clearly lets it be known after the “turn.”

Dastur, “Call of Conscience” Continuar lendo

MacIntyre – ética das virtudes

Because I understand the tradition of the virtues to have arisen within and to have been first adequately articulated in the Greek, especially the Athenian polis, and because I have stressed the ways in which that tradition flourished in the European middle ages, I have been accused of nostalgia and of idealizing the past. But there is, I think, not a trace of this in the text. What there is is an insistence on our need to learn from some aspects of the past, by understanding our contemporary selves and our contemporary moral relationships in the light afforded by a tradition that enables us to overcome the constraints on such self-knowledge that modernity, especially advanced modernity, imposes. Continuar lendo